KNOW YOUR GENOTYPE :: SCHAF
This is an initiative of SCHAF geared towards spreading the word on the need for everyone to know his/her Blood Genotype by screening their blood.
When screened, you will be told your status that is, any of these below;
AA – About 68% of Nigerians
AS – About 25% of Nigerians
SS – About 2-3% of Nigerians
SC etc. – About 0.5% of Nigerians
AC – About 5% of Nigerians
Statistics in Nigeria show that over 150,000 children are born with SCD and 100,000 SCD death occur annually. Nigeria also has the highest number of people living with the disease (4 million), as well as one of the worst forms worldwide. Nigeria has over 40million carriers that is, Sickle Cell trait (Hb AS) which is transmissible to their offspring.
SCHAF believes that information on the inheritance pattern as we as the complications of SCD would go a long way in the preventive and control of the disease.
SCHAF continues to establish KYG Club in Schools, Colleges, Churches, Mosques, the NYSC, Artisans and Non – Medical Professional Organisations. Handbills, fliers, instructional materials and T-shirts are provided for training. It is expected that ripple effect of these clubs and the continuous awareness activities by them would bring everyone to the conscious need to have a genotype screening and make use of the information in the choice of a partner in the future.
For detailed information
Contact: Genetic & Bioethics Research Unit, IAMRAT, College of Medicine, (Biode Building) Opposite UBA, UCH, Ibadan.
Tel: 0810-819-2619, 0802-576-0144, 0803-388-4293.
HEALTH TIPS :: SCHAF
SIGNS TO WATCH OUT FOR
Handfoot Syndrome (swollen hands and feet)
Yellow eyes – from jaundice & break of red blood cells
Fever!!! (Temperature of 38.3oc)
Pains – General all over the body
Enlargement of Stomach (enlarged spleen)
Anaemia – low blood level
REMEDIES TO STAY HEALTHY
Drink plenty of fluid
See your doctor promptly
Take your pain relief medicine as prescribed by your doctor
Rest as appropriate
Take Folic acid daily
Keep warm in cold weather
REDUCING THE BURDEN OF SCD IN NIGERIA
INFORMED DECISION FOR YOUTHS (unmarried)
Listen to educative and awareness programs on SCD
Know your GENOTYPE TODAY!!!
Know the GENOTYPE OF YOUR PARTNER to be
Make INFORMED DECISIONS on who to marry
WHEN MARRIED WITH CHILDREN
Know the genotype of your children at very early ages (before/at 1yr of age)
If SS see the Doctor for appropriate care
Immunize your children as at when due
Keep him/her clean
Keep your surroundings clean
Purchase mosquitoes nets or net your windows at home
Purchase thermometers to identify fevers as soon as it starts in each of your children
Call the Doctor for temperature above 37.4C (at the armpit)
Always give your children plenty of fluids (water and orange)
THE PART OF MY BODY TO TELL MY PARENT ABOUT IF IT HURTS
Some parts of the body show early signs of problems that can easily be solved by early treatment which will save the life of a child with sickle cell disease.
|PART OF THE BODY||DANGER SIGNS !!!|
|Head/ Neck||Headache or dizziness or stiff neck|
|Chest||Coughs, without fever or chest pain or trouble in breathing|
|Stomach||Severe pain or swelling|
|Skin and eyes||Eyes or skin look yellow, loss of normal skin colour ( very pale or gray)|
|Arms, legs, and back||Pain with no other symptoms|
|Nose||Runny or stuffed nose|
|Body||If there is fever and the TEMPERATURE is 38oC or higher and it lasts for more than 24hrs|
EASING PAIN AT HOME
Your child may have pains at times from sickle cell disease. Usually, the pain is mild enough to treat at home. Infants and toddlers may show pain by crying, refusing to walk or pointing to the place that hurt. Pay attention to these signs. Try different ways to ease pain to see which ones help the most.
Drinking lots of fluids
Rest or play quietly
Take a warm bath
Put a heating pad or warm moist towel on sore places
Massage the place that hurts
Take acetaminophen (Paracetamol, Tylenol) or Ibuprofen (Ibupain, Bufen, Advil or Nuprin)
If Pain becomes severe, Consult your Doctor
KEEP YOUR CHILD BUSY
Keeping your child busy is an important way to deal with the pain.
The child can talk to people
The child can watch TV
The child can play games or listen to music
HELP YOUR CHILD LEARN TO RELAX
Your child may hurt less if she is able to relax. You can help your child learn to relax when he/ she is in pain. With practice, your child may be able to stay calm and relaxed.
SCHAF CARES ABOUT US!!!
SCHAF: Passionately Caring and Educating for a Better Tomorrow”
REQUIREMENTS FOR INDIVIDUAL WITH SICKLE CELL DISEASE TO STAY HEALTHY
I must wash my body clean daily
I must always wash my hands before eating
I must clean my surroundings always
I must eat my food well
I must eat fruits daily
I must drink plenty of water and oranges daily
I must take my medicine (folic acid, vitamins, pain relievers and others) as my mother and Doctor give me
When playing, I must not play in dirty pools of water
I must make sure I rest as my mother tells me (do not overwork yourself!!!)
I must wear my sweater during cold weather to keep my body warm.
I must wear my socks and shoes in rainy season to keep my feet warm
I must sleep under mosquito net everyday to prevent mosquito bites.
I must tell my mother/father whenever I have pains or aches in my body
I must allow my mother to take my temperature with a thermometer
I must be ready to go with my mother/ father to see the Doctor regularly
The Doctor is my FRIEND!!!